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A complete guide to acne treatments

A short intro paragraph with KW: Acne is a common skin condition, almost everybody experiences acne on the face at some point in their lives. In our guide we take a comprehensive look at types of acne, treatments for acne and the best acne treatment facial we would recommend to get rid of acne  (2x keywords included from Amy’s complete guide to acne treatments keywords)

What is acne, what causes it and what can you do about it?

Acne is a common skin condition with symptoms including spots, excess sebum and hot or painful skin. Almost everybody experiences acne on the face at some point in their lives. Some sufferers also contend with acne on their chest and backs too. It is thought that 95% of those aged between 11 to 30 are affected by acne to some extent. If you are one of them, it can be difficult to know where to begin.

Dos and don'ts of at-home acne-treatments

What Causes Acne?

Those aged between 14 and 19 are most likely to be affected by acne, as the skin condition has been linked to fluctuating hormone levels. This is particularly prevalent during puberty, which is why teenage acne is such a common complaint. Unfortunately, it can also occur at any age. Increased hormone levels have a twofold effect on the body, as they trigger the inner lining of hair follicles to thicken, while also increasing the production of sebum to an abnormal level. This combination of factors causes a usually-harmless skin bacterium to become aggressive, resulting in blocked pores, inflammation and pus.

Everything you need to know about Bacne

What Causes Acne on Face?

Hormonal changes are also causes of acne on the face, as there are lots of sebaceous glands across the skin. Several risk factors, such as diet and things touching your face can also trigger breakouts. When hands and objects, such as your mobile phone, touch the skin they can cause friction or transfer bacteria. Over time, this can potentially cause acne, or trigger existing skin problems to worsen.

What Can I Do?

Now you know the potential causes of your acne, you can begin to understand what type of acne you are suffering with, to treat and prevent breakouts in the future. Read more about getting rid of acne, and find out which treatment is most suitable for you here.

A Guide to Types of Acne: How to know what type of acne you have

While acne is incredibly common within the population, signs and symptoms vary between individuals, depending on the severity of their condition. If you are wondering “what type of acne do I have?” You have come to the right place.


Blackheads are a mild type of acne, and should be easily recognisable due to their darkened appearance on your skin. When hair follicles are clogged, dead skin cells and oil collect in the opening, forming a bump (comedo). If the bump opens and is exposed to the air, the oxygen gives it a black appearance. Unlike different acne types, inflammation is not present with blackheads, so they should not be painful.


Whiteheads are one of the most common forms of acne, and are formed similarly to blackheads. Whitehead bumps are known as closed comedones, as they do not get exposed to the air. Instead, the bump remains covered and develops pus, leading to its white appearance. Whiteheads are also noninflammatory types of acne.


If you are suffering from inflammation and have red, swollen bumps on your skin, you are likely dealing with papules. As with other types of acne, papules are formed by excess oils and dead cells blocking pores. However, the build up of pressure causes the pore to rupture, spreading pus and bacteria into the surrounding skin. As your immune system triggers an inflammation response, they develop their red, tender appearance.


If you have papules, you are probably dealing with pustules too. Different types of acne are commonly experienced together. As your immune system continues to work, papules often fill with white or yellow pus and turn into pustules. They are easily distinguishable from whiteheads due to the painful, red swelling that occurs alongside the bumps.


If you are suffering with severe acne that appears to be forming deep within the skin, you are dealing with nodules. Nodules do not develop pus as whiteheads and pustules do, making them firm to the touch. Instead, they are painful red or skin-tone coloured bumps.


Cysts are also a severe symptom of acne that develops deep in the skin. Unlike nodules they are filled with pus, making them soft to the touch. Cystic acne appears red, is very painful and can be very stubborn to treat. Cyst breakouts can stay on the skin for weeks, particularly along the jawline.

How to get rid of and prevent acne: Your top options

If you are wondering how to get rid of and prevent acne, there are a number of options available. Remember, consistency is key with acne treatments, and you may not experience visible improvements for the first few months. There is also the potential of a healing crisis, as your skin may get worse before it gets better.

IPL course

Intense Pulsed Light

SkinBase™ IPL is a light based therapy used for hair reduction and Advanced therapies such as vascular lesions, acne and photo rejuvenation.



Microdermabrasion, meaning literally ‘small skin wearing away’ is an intense exfoliating cosmetic procedure that uses fine crystals to buff away the very outer layer of skin cells and remove dead skin cells to reveal the fresh, new skin beneath.

collagen lift

Collagen Lift

Collagen Lift is the latest treatment from SkinBase™ looking to replace injectables as the wrinkle remover of choice.

A sub heading to group a series of posts together

believe in better skin - different types of acne

Different Types of Acne

Acne signs and symptoms vary between individuals. If you are wondering what the different types of acne are, you have come to the right place. 

Microdermabrasion Acne

Microdermabrasion Acne Results

Microdermabrasion is incredibly effective at treating acne, but don’t just take it from us. See the microdermabrasion acne results for yourself.

Download Our Ultimate Guide to Acne and Acne Scarring

Suffering from acne or acne scarring? Is microdermabrasion good for acne? At SkinBase it’s one of our most common skin complaints. We’ve compiled a brilliant FREE ebook to give you information and top tips to understand what acne is, why you get it and most importantly how to get rid of it.

Want clear skin? Download this guide!

Guide to acne