Pigmentation is your skins way of protecting itself, but when you look in a mirror, it’s simply an unwanted and unslightly annoyance. Pigmentation or dark spots that appear when a spot or blemish disappears are called ‘post-inflammatory pigmentation’.
Pigmentation or dark spots come into existence when your skin has been damaged in some way. The area within which they form is inflamed. Then, when the sunlight hits the inflamed area, it turns immediately darker.
Ever wondered why some dark spots and pigmentation are lighter or more intense in colour than others? The intensity of the spots are caused by melanin molecules, a molecule within your skin which turn brown when it’s trying to protect itself. A tan is essentially melanin molecules changing colour all over your body in order to protect the skin.
Treatment of dark spots, pigmentation and sun spots
For straightforward spots or blemishes, make sure you never pick at them. By picking at spots, you’re encouraging inflammation and the possibility of scarring patches forming after the spot itself has dissipated. As soon as you skin has healed, apply sunscreen every day (regardless of the suns strength)
For more permanent sunspots, tougher treatments are required. Try microdermabrasion first, a facial that gently fires thousands of crystals across your skin, removing the top layer and encouraging new skin, elastin and collegen to form. Microdermabrasion can take place in a lunchtime and requires no recovery time following the treatment. Another option is lasering or a strong chemical peel, but be aware these two options take some recovery time.
Most of all, remember that sunscreen is your best friend. Wear it every day if you want to remain smooth skinned.